July 12, 2020

{Unit II: Wisdom in the Gospels

Title: “Wisdom that Amazes”

(KJV) Ecclesiastes 3:1,7b, Luke 2:39-52



Key Verses:  40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.(KJV)


Analysis of the Biblical Text


Commentary on Ecclesiastes 3:1,7b

KJV: 1  To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:

7b A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;


NIV: 1 There is a time for everything, and a season for every activity under the heavens:

7b a time to tear and a time to mend, a time to be silent and a time to speak,


Commentary on Luke 2:39-40

KJV: 39  And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.

40  And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.


NIV:39 When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. 

40 And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was on him.



Commentary on Luke 2:41-52

KJV: 41  Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.

42  And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.

43  And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it.

44  But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance.

45  And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him.

46  And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

47  And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

48  And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.

49  And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?

50  And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them.

51  And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.

52  And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.


NIV: 41 Every year Jesus’ parents went to Jerusalem for the Festival of the Passover. 

42 When he was twelve years old, they went up to the festival, according to the custom. 

43 After the festival was over, while his parents were returning home, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem, but they were unaware of it. 

44 Thinking he was in their company, they traveled on for a day. Then they began looking for him among their relatives and friends. 

45 When they did not find him, they went back to Jerusalem to look for him. 

46 After three days they found him in the temple courts, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. 

47 Everyone who heard him was amazed at his understanding and his answers. 

48 When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.” 

49 “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house?” 

50 But they did not understand what he was saying to them. 

51 Then he went down to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them. But his mother treasured all these things in her heart. 

52 And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.


Citation: - ECCLESIASTES 3


Synopsis: - The changes of human affairs.(1,7) 


Text: -  Ver. 1,7 To expect unchanging happiness in a changing world, must end in disappointment. To bring ourselves to our state in life, is our duty and wisdom in this world. God's whole plan for the government of the world will be found altogether wise, just, and good. Then let us seize the favourable opportunity for every good purpose and work. The time to die is fast approaching. Thus labour and sorrow fill the world. This is given us, that we may always have something to do; none were sent into the world to be idle.




  The superscription identifies the author as the "Preacher," which is a loose translation of the Hebrew text.  Based on this, the Septuagint (LXX), the ancient Greek translation of the Old Testament, gives the book the name from which our word "Ecclesiastes" is derived.


  The identity of the author is problematic, although the traditional ascription has been to King Solomon.  The strongest evidence in the text against Solomon as the writer is the allusion to a line of kings over Jerusalem PRIOR TO the author's time (Ecc.1v16).  Hence, it is best to treat the author as an anonymous one, and this is consistent with the fact that Solomon's name nowhere appears in the work.

Ecclesiastes gives us a glimpse into the life of one who had the means to pursue happiness through any avenue.  He had tried wisdom, pleasure, alcohol, human achievement, the fruits of great riches, and sex, but he concluded that all of this was emptiness (Ecc.2v11).


  He was deeply troubled by injustice in this life.  Many good men suffer while the wicked prosper in their wickedness. Regardless of how righteously a man tries to live, he ends up in the same grave as any other man or beast!  A man can do all the right things, but "chance" can still cancel it all out.

The pessimism of this book is as pronounced as is the optimism of Proverbs. Only at the end does the author tell us what he found to be the real source of meaning in life--reverence for God (Ecc.12v13-14).  He had left God out of the picture in his search for happiness.

This is the book for the secular humanist to read, because it shows how utterly meaningless and unjust life is in a closed system where God does not play an effective role. The author's solution is that true happiness is found only when we revere God as the center of our lives!


Citation: - LUKE 2

Anna prophesies concerning him.(39-40)

Christ with the learned men in the temple.(41-52)


Text: -  Ver. 39-40 There was much evil then in the church, yet God left not himself without witness. Anna always dwelt in, or at least attended at, the temple. She was always in a praying spirit; gave herself to prayer, and in all things she served God. Those to whom Christ is made known, have great reason to thank the Lord. She taught others concerning him. Let the example of the venerable saints, Simeon and Anna, give courage to those whose hoary heads are, like theirs, a crown of glory, being found in the way of righteousness. The lips soon to be silent in the grave, should be showing forth the praises of the Redeemer. In all things it became Christ to be made like unto his brethren, therefore he passed through infancy and childhood as other children, yet without sin, and with manifest proofs of the Divine nature in him. By the Spirit of God all his faculties performed their offices in a manner not seen in any one else. Other children have foolishness bound in their hearts, which appears in what they say or do, but he was filled with wisdom, by the influence of the Holy Ghost; every thing he said and did, was wisely said and wisely done, above his years. Other children show the corruption of their nature; nothing but the grace of God was upon him.


41-52 It is for the honour of Christ that children should attend on public worship. His parents did not return till they had stayed all the seven days of the feast. It is well to stay to the end of an ordinance, as becomes those who say, It is good to be here. Those that have lost their comforts in Christ, and the evidences of their having a part in him, must bethink themselves where, and when, and how they lost them, and must turn back again. Those that would recover their lost acquaintance with Christ, must go to the place in which he has put his name; there they may hope to meet him. They found him in some part of the temple, where the doctors of the law kept their schools; he was sitting there, hearkening to their instructions, proposing questions, and answering inquiries, with such wisdom, that those who heard were delighted with him. Young persons should seek the knowledge of Divine truth, attend the ministry of the gospel, and ask such questions of their elders and teachers as may tend to increase their knowledge. Those who seek Christ in sorrow, shall find him with the greater joy. Know ye not that I ought to be in my Father's house; at my Father's work; I must be about my Father's business. Herein is an example; for it becomes the children of God, in conformity to Christ, to attend their heavenly Father's business, and make all other concerns give way to it. Though he was the Son of God, yet he was subject to his earthly parents; how then will the foolish and weak sons of men answer it, who are disobedient to their parents? However we may neglect men's sayings, because they are obscure, yet we must not think so of God's sayings. That which at first is dark, may afterwards become plain and easy. The greatest and wisest, those most eminent, may learn of this admirable and Divine Child, that it is the truest greatness of soul to know our own place and office; to deny ourselves amusements and pleasures not consistent with our state and calling.




  The Gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as the long-awaited Messiah of the Jews and also as the Savior of all mankind.  Special emphasis is placed upon the kindness of Jesus toward women, the poor, the outcasts, the weak, and those who were suffering in different ways.  In addition, the book is filled with expressions of praise and prayer.


Luke's account had a universal appeal, especially to the Gentiles.  Jesus is presented as the perfect Man who is truly interested in every person on earth, no matter what his or her station in life.


Luke was aimed at the Greek mind and, therefore, had to be written in a comprehensive, logical, and orderly manner.  There are portions of the book which approach the grandeur of Classical Greek literature.  Luke has been called "the most beautiful book ever written."


  There is little doubt that the author was Luke, the "beloved physician" (Col.4v14).  From the context of this passage we learn that Luke was "not of the circumcision" and, consequently, he may have been the only Gentile writer of the New Testament.  Paul refers to him as his "fellow-worker" in Phm.24.


Several passages indicate that he was a close companion to the Apostle during the missionary journeys of the book of Acts.  He was with Paul until the very end (2Tim.4v11).  Judging from the style of his Greek, we can surmise that he was the most cultured of all the writers of the Gospel.

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