Spring Quarter

Lesson 1

March 1, 2020

{Unit 1: God Requires Justice

Title: “Seeking Justice”

(KJV) Amos 5:18-24


Key Verses: 24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.(KJV)


Analysis of the Biblical Text


Misguided Anticipation

(KJV) Amos 5:18-20

18  Woe unto you that desire the day of the Lord! to what end is it for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light.

19  As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him.

20  Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?


(NIV) Amos 5:18-20

18 Woe to you who long for the day of the LORD! Why do you long for the day of the LORD? That day will be darkness, not light. 

19 It will be as though a man fled from a lion only to meet a bear, as though he entered his house and rested his hand on the wall only to have a snake bite him. 

20 Will not the day of the LORD be darkness, not light— pitch-dark, without a ray of brightness? 


Misdirected Worship

(KJV) Amos 5:21-22

21  I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.

22  Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept them: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.


(NIV) Amos 5:21-22

21 “I hate, I despise your religious festivals; your assemblies are a stench to me. 

22 Even though you bring me burnt offerings and grain offerings, I will not accept them. Though you bring choice fellowship offerings, I will have no regard for them. 


A Plea for Inner Righteousness

(KJV) Amos 5:23-24

23  Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.

24  But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.


(NIV) Amos 5:23-24

23 Away with the noise of your songs! I will not listen to the music of your harps. 

24 But let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never-failing stream!


Citation: - AMOS 5


Synopsis: - Threatenings respecting idolatries.  (18-24)


Text: -  18-24 Woe unto those that desire the day of the Lord's judgments, that wish for times of war and confusion; as some who long for changes, hoping to rise upon the ruins of their country! but this should be so great a desolation, that nobody could gain by it. The day of the Lord will be a dark, dismal, gloomy day to all impenitent sinners. When God makes a day dark, all the world cannot make it light. Those who are not reformed by the judgments of God, will be pursued by them; if they escapte one, another stands ready to seize them. A pretence of piety is double iniquity, and so it will be found. The people of Israel copied the crimes of their forefathers. The law of worshipping the Lord our God, is, Him only we must serve. Professors thrive so little, because they have little or no communion with God in their duties. They were led captive by Satan into idolatry, therefore God caused them to go into captivity among idolaters.




  Amos was a shepherd from a rural area in Judah.  God called him to preach near Israel's royal sanctuary at Bethel.  His prophesying took place about 750 B.C. during the reign of Jeroboam II. It lasted only a few days.


Amos found in the nation of Israel great social extremes--comfortable prosperity and abject poverty.

His message was against the wealthy.  The poor were being exploited and cheated.  Merchants were greedy and dishonest.


The judicial system was corrupt.  There was religious arrogance as well.  Many were even attempting to corrupt some of the religious leaders.  Affluence had lulled the upper class into such apathy that they refused to recognize the sickness of their society.


Amos' warning to the worshipers at Bethel was that, because of their sins, destruction was coming upon them from both Egypt and Assyria, a prophecy made all the more bold because the international scene was relatively quiet, and Assyria was still in a period of decline.


Amaziah, the apostate priest at Bethel, made it clear to Amos that he was not welcome and that should go back home to his own country.  Amos refused to back down, explaining that he was not a professional prophet (Am.7v14-15), but he was there solely because God had sent him.


The Book of Amos is one of the most outstanding among the prophets, both because of its timeless message and because it contains some of the finest examples of literary artistry in the entire Old Testament.